The Structural Engineer's Corner

Eng. Onorio Francesco Salvatore

Dead loads according to the Process Industry Practices (PIP)


In this post we are going to discuss about the loads defined in the Process Industry Practices (PIP). The PIP is a self-funded consortium of process industry companies that publishes common industry practices for projects and maintenance work. PIP develops “Practices” that are a compilation of Engineering standards from different Engineering disciplines. According to PIP, but […]

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Types of loads on structures


The loads are broadly classified as vertical loads, horizontal loads and longitudinal loads. The vertical loads consist of dead load, live load and impact load. The horizontal loads comprises of wind load and earthquake load. The longitudinal loads i.e. tractive and braking forces are considered in special case of design of bridges, gantry girders etc. […]

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Unit weights for structural analysis


When dealing with structural analysis the first step is to evaluate loadings. We can have: dead loads; live loads; environmental loads. The dead load is the weight of the structure you are calculating. Dead loads can be calculated from the unit weights given in BS 648 named “Schedule of weights of building materials“. Here you […]

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